Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex
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Henry Bourchier, 5th Baron Bourchier, 1st Viscount Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex (c. 1404/c. 1406 – 4 April 1483), was the eldest son of William Bourchier and Anne Plantagenet. His mother was a granddaughter of Edward III and, through her mother, great-great-granddaughter of Edward I. He was thus a great-grandson of Edward III.
He inherited the title of Lord (or Baron) Bourchier from his cousin Elizabeth on her death in 1433, became 1st Viscount Bourchier in 1446, a Knight of the Garter in 1452, and was finally created Earl of Essex in 1461.
He was Lord High Treasurer from 29 May 1455 – 5 October 1456, 28 July 1460 – 14 April 1462, and 22 April 1471 – 4 April 1483. He also became Justice in Eyre south of the Trent in 1461, holding that title till his death.